10w40 vs 15w40. The differences between these engine oil types

The discussion about the different engine oils on the market and which of these types is better has been and is always long, full of details, and depends a lot on the engine on the car you are referring to.

The main differences between 10w40 vs 15w40 are in the temperature range of the oil and its viscosity at 100° C or 212° F. For example, 10W40 means that it can be used at temperatures not lower than -20° С or -4° F, and 15W40 not lower than -15° С or 5° F, and both engine oils can be used at 40° С or 104° F.

In general, bot 10w40 and 15w40 oils are used for engines that have high mileage 100.000 km (60.000 miles) or more.

10w40 vs 15w40 advantages and disadvantages

Questions regarding which engine oil to choose are of interest to drivers who are advised at the car repair shop to add one of these types of oil into the engine. Any packaging is labeled, so this information will not be in vain for the driver. 

The marking determines the viscosity of the oil, its purpose. Let’s look at the markings and try to understand which engine oil is best to choose for the motor.

The most significant characteristic is the viscosity of the motor oil. It determines how intensively the oil will spread through the engine, as well as how it will change as a result of an increase or decrease in temperature. 

Note that the viscosity class does not indicate the oil’s quality. There are many products of the same viscosity on the market from different manufacturers. All of them are different in quality. However, the quality cannot be determined, there are no corresponding indicators. It will be determined in practice.

In the marking of 15W40 oil, we have got 2 parameters: 15W and 40. The first parameter indicates that the oil can be used in winter as well, the letter W means Winter and is intended for use at temperatures not lower than -15° С or 5° F. 

15w40 will work well in these temperatures, it will retain its viscosity, characteristics and protective properties, which means it will allow the engine to start without any problems, ensuring effective lubrication.

However, at a lower temperature than the one indicated, its viscosity will increase, and it will make the work of the oil pump difficult, it may not even reach the friction parts. This will lead to rapid wear of the engine as a whole.

The number 15 in the title does not at all mean that the lower temperature limit is at -15° С or 5° F. In this case, it’s just a coincidence. 10W40 oil can be operated within the range from -20° С to +40° С or -4° F to 104° F. 

The lower the first digit in the marking, the lower the temperature limit, and the more fluid the oil is. In colder temperatures, this parameter is extremely important, but in the summer it is advisable to use thicker oil, 15W40 should do it.

We should remember that W in the composition of the oil indicates that the oil is universal and can be used in both low and high-temperature environments. Not to be confused with oils that do not have the inscription W and cannot be used at low temperatures.

In general, today universal oils completely replace seasonal oils. It is logical, because changing the lubricant every season is not only problematic, but also expensive and time consuming.

The second number in the marking (40) indicates the ambient’s highest temperature limit, at which the oil will not lose its properties. In our example, 15W40 oil can operate in the temperature range from -15° С to +40° С or 5° F to 104° F, without losing its lubricating features.

Which engine oil should you choose?

The best oil for your engine is the one specified in the car’s manual. Manufacturers always indicate the viscosity and even the brand of oil that needs to be added to the engine.

The power of the oil pump, the size of the passage channels, and other features affect the speed of the lubricant in the motor. The wrong choice can become a headache for the driver and cause damage that requires expensive repairs.

Also, when choosing the oil, you need to take into account the climate conditions in which the car will be operated. If temperatures are cold, then the oil should be more liquid and designed to work without any problems in these conditions. 

In this case, maybe neither 10w40 nor 15w40 will suit if the temperatures drop below -20° С or -4° F, you should turn your attention to other oils like 5w30, 5w40, 0w30, 0w40, etc. that support lower temperatures.

It is also worth considering the engine condition. Engine wear plays an important role, with severe wear of the friction parts, the gap between them increases, and adding a liquid oil will make it simply flow away. Therefore, it is recommended to add a more viscous oil into older engines.

At the same time, old motors can have carbon deposits and various build-ups in the oil system. For cleaning, drivers are advised to use oils with detergents, which protects the engine and prevents the formation of dirt and sediments.

Also, when choosing a lubricant, you need to consider the driving style. For aggressive driving with sharp starts and high speed, it is advisable to select a more viscous oil, which forms a strong film between friction parts. It will save the engine from the effects of heavy loads.

Also, there are a lot of misconceptions regarding engine oils. Some drivers believe that 10W40 is better than 15W40 oil. Thus, the price of the latter may be higher, or lower. This is completely wrong because the viscosity grade is not related to its quality. The viscosity grade does not even determine the base of the lubricant. Any oil, including semi-synthetic, mineral, or synthetic, can have a viscosity grade of 15W40.

Conclusion

As you can see the most conclusive difference between 10w40 and 15w40 engine oils is the low temperature of the environment in which it can be used, this difference being very small between the two, theoretically 5° С or 9° F, but this temperature difference is enough for the engine to suffer serious damage if a wrong oil is used.

Use these two types of oil especially if you have an older engine, but also check the info in your vehicle’s manual, you will find important information there regarding this aspect, especially the ACEA and API standards

Also, between the three types of oil that are on the market, full-synthetic, semi-synthetic also known as synthetic-blend, or mineral, it is always best to use the full-synthetic version, but most of the 10w40 and 15w40 on the market are synthetic-blends.

What are the best 10w40 brands?

Sale
Valvoline High Mileage with MaxLife Technology SAE 10W-40 Synthetic Blend Motor Oil, Easy Pour 5 Quart
12,240 Reviews
Valvoline High Mileage with MaxLife Technology SAE 10W-40 Synthetic Blend Motor Oil, Easy Pour 5 Quart
  • Seal conditioners rejuvenate aging engine seals to help stop and prevent oil leaks
  • Extra wear protection helps prevent future engine wear
  • Extra detergents help keep older engines cleaner by bonding with and removing sludge and deposits
  • Anti-oxidants help prevent oil breakdown preventing engine-clogging sludge and deposit formation
Sale
Lucas Oil LUC10679 10679 10W-30 Petroleum Oil - 5 Quart Jug
528 Reviews
Lucas Oil LUC10679 10679 10W-30 Petroleum Oil - 5 Quart Jug
  • Lowers oil temperature
  • Minimizes metal fatigue
  • Improves pressure in worn engines
  • Contains the high levels of zinc necessary to protect flat tappet cams, lifters and pushrods
Sale
Pennzoil 550045217 5 quart 10W-40 High Mileage Motor Oil (SN Jug)
212 Reviews
Pennzoil 550045217 5 quart 10W-40 High Mileage Motor Oil (SN Jug)
  • For best performance, follow the manufacturer's recommendations in your vehicle owner’s manual.
  • Conventional motor oil compatible with most vehicles
  • Helps prevent sludge and other damaging deposits
  • Helps clean up engines by gently lifting sludge deposits off engine surfaces and dissolving them safely into the oil
  • Keep your engine clean and responsive

What are the best 15w40 manufacturers?

Shell Rotella T - 550045348 5 Synthetic Blend 15W-40 Diesel Motor Oil (1-Gallon, Single-Pack)
1,311 Reviews
Shell Rotella T - 550045348 5 Synthetic Blend 15W-40 Diesel Motor Oil (1-Gallon, Single-Pack)
  • For best performance, follow the manufacturer's recommendations in your vehicle owner’s manual.
  • Advanced low-ash formulation helps control the blocking or poisoning of exhaust after treatment devices, helping maintain vehicle emission compliance and engine fuel efficiency.
  • Synthetic base oil components provides the capability to improve cold starting and low temperature performance reduce fuel consumption
  • The Advanced formulation delivers good engine cleanliness and protection against piston deposits ensuring engine and component reliability at extended oil drain intervals.
  • Rotella T5 meets the requirements of the major US engine manufacturers for low emission applications.
Valvoline Premium Blue SAE 15W-40 Diesel Engine Oil 1 GA, Case of 3
1,744 Reviews
Valvoline Premium Blue SAE 15W-40 Diesel Engine Oil 1 GA, Case of 3
  • One Solution Technology suitable for a wide range of heavy-duty engines including diesel, gas and natural gas applications
  • “The Only One“ endorsed and recommended by Cummins
  • Outstanding oxidation resistance supports long oil life in heavy duty engines
  • Superior wear protection for hardworking heavy-duty trucks and equipment
Delo 400 SDE SAE 15W-40 Motor Oil - 1 Gallon Jug, (Pack of 3)
377 Reviews
Delo 400 SDE SAE 15W-40 Motor Oil - 1 Gallon Jug, (Pack of 3)
  • For best performance, follow the manufacturer's recommendations in your vehicle owner’s manual.
  • Premium quality, heavy duty motor oil manufactured in the USA
  • Formulated to meet the requirements of post-2007 low emission engines
  • Provides outstanding performance with ultra-low sulfur diesel and also with normal and low sulfur diesel fuels
  • May be used in older, conventional engines and gasoline engines
Sale
Lucas Oil 10299 SAE 15W-40 CJ-4 Synthetic Motor Oil - 1 Gallon
141 Reviews
Lucas Oil 10299 SAE 15W-40 CJ-4 Synthetic Motor Oil - 1 Gallon
  • Package Dimensions: 8.38 L x 12 H x 3.5 W (inches)
  • Package Weight : 7.8 pounds
  • Country of Origin : United States
  • Fit type: Vehicle Specific
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