Understanding the Honda Civic 2012 Oil Type and Capacity

The Honda Civic 2012 stands as a testament to Honda’s engineering prowess, offering a blend of reliability, efficiency, and performance that few vehicles can match. One of the key factors contributing to the longevity and performance of this vehicle is its oil type and capacity, which we will explore in depth in this article.

Understanding the Importance of Oil in Your Honda Civic

Before delving into specifics, it’s crucial to appreciate why engine oil is so significant. Engine oil serves multiple purposes, including lubricating engine components, cooling the engine by dispersing heat, and maintaining engine cleanliness by suspending dirt particles.

This critical role underscores the need for using the appropriate oil type and ensuring the correct oil capacity.

The Optimal Oil Type for the 2012 Honda Civic

Every car engine is designed to operate with a specific oil viscosity, which is a measure of the oil’s resistance to flow.

For the 2012 Honda Civic, Honda recommends using engine oil licensed to the SAE classification 0W-20.

The ‘0W’ in 0W-20 indicates the oil’s viscosity at low temperatures (the W stands for winter), while ’20’ represents the oil’s viscosity at high temperatures.

This combination ensures that your Civic’s engine runs smoothly, whether it’s a cold start on a winter morning or cruising on a hot summer day.

In the absence of SAE 0W-20, it is possible to substitute with SAE 5W-20. However, this is not advisable as it has an inferior viscosity at full operating temperature, which could prematurely wear and tear the engine.

Engine Oil Capacity: Knowing the Numbers

Knowing the correct engine oil capacity is equally important to ensure your Civic’s engine runs efficiently. The oil capacity varies depending on the engine type.

The 2012 Honda Civic came with four different engines: a 1.5L 4-Cylinder, two different 1.8L 4-Cylinders, and a 2.4L 4-Cylinder.

The 1.5L engine has an oil capacity of 3.7 quarts, the 1.8L engines take 3.9 quarts, and the largest 2.4L engine requires 4.2 quarts.

A Look Under the Hood: Engine Specifications

The 2012 Honda Civic is powered by a 1.8L 4-cylinder engine. This gasoline engine, known for its reliability and efficiency, offers a horsepower of 140 hp at 6,500 rpm and a torque of 128 lb-ft at 4,300 rpm.

The engine uses a single overhead cam (SOHC) with variable valve timing and operates using a fuel system that utilizes electronic fuel injection (PGM-FI).

This configuration ensures optimal engine performance while also maintaining impressive fuel economy.

Fuel Economy and Transmission

Equipped with a compact 5-speed automatic transmission with a lock-up torque converter, the 2012 Honda Civic provides an excellent balance of performance and economy.

It offers an impressive EPA estimated fuel economy of 28 MPG for city driving, 39 MPG for highway driving, and a combined MPG of 32.

This efficiency is supported by a fuel tank capacity of 13.2 gallons, providing a substantial range for both city and highway driving.

Exterior and Interior Dimensions

Understanding the dimensions of the 2012 Honda Civic is crucial as it directly influences the vehicle’s oil capacity.

The Civic measures 177.3 inches in length, 69.0 inches in width, and 56.5 inches in height, with a wheelbase of 105.1 inches. It has a curb weight of 2,705 lbs.

The interior offers ample space for both front and rear passengers. The front headroom is 39.0 inches, the front legroom is 42.0 inches, the front shoulder room is 56.6 inches, and the front hip room is 50.5 inches.

The rear offers a headroom of 37.1 inches, legroom of 36.2 inches, shoulder room of 53.3 inches, and hip room of 51.4 inches.


Maintaining the correct oil type and capacity is paramount in ensuring the optimal operation and longevity of your 2012 Honda Civic.

By using the recommended SAE 0W-20 oil and adhering to the appropriate oil capacity based on the engine type, you can enjoy the smooth, efficient performance and keep your Civic running at its best for many years to come.

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