The transmission is a set of gear wheels that serves to transform the force and transmit the rotation movement to different aggregates or vehicles.
It is a component of the transmission’s kinematic chain that allows the range of speeds and moments to be widened to the drive wheel and is normally mounted between the clutch and the longitudinal transmission.
In vehicles built after the “all in front” or “all in the back” solution, the longitudinal transmission disappears, so the gearbox is arranged between the clutch and the central transmission.
The gearbox within the vehicle transmission system plays a multiple role: amplifying the engine torque and extending the speed range of the wheels, beyond that granted by the engine speed limits, as well as granting the possibility of reversing and for interruption of the kinematic chain of the transmission mechanism, for stationing the vehicle for a long time with the engine running.
The gearbox realizes, through different values of the gear ratios called speeds, the granting of the engine’s energy possibilities to the energy requirements of the moving vehicle, ensuring the best dynamic performance, fuel consumption, and pollution.
Also, this gearbox is also a complex mechanism, indispensable to any motor vehicle. In a car, it is part of the transmission mechanism, and practically “transmits” the power from the engine to the wheels, in a variable, controlled way, by changing the gear ratios using the gearshift.
In a manual transmission car, changing gears are done using the gearshift (lever), which activates the synchronizing rings (synchronous) inside the gearbox through the wheelhouse (the mechanical link between the shifter and the gearbox), thus coupling the sprockets of the respective gear.
Equipping cars with manual or automatic transmissions depends mainly on the country in which the car is marketed. For example, in Europe, about 70% of cars in traffic have manual transmissions.
Even though in some places cars with manual transmission are predominant, customers of cars with automatic transmissions are growing. The automatic transmission has started to be very efficient reducing the disadvantages compared to a manual one increasing, thus, the advantages.
This article is for those of you who have driven only cars with automatic transmission.
Let’s start by telling you that driving a manual gearbox car is not difficult, as you may initially think. When it comes to driving a manual transmission vehicle, the act can be seen as both an art and science wrapped in a gear package. 🙂
While driving cars that have a manual gearbox you can have many “temptations” such as checking your phone or looking for a water bottle.
So, there are some natural tendencies you could do out of the ordinary. These tendencies should be avoided because they would affect your ability to drive.
Bad habits you should avoid when driving vehicles with manual gearboxes
You should avoid using the shifter as a hand holder
We only see the shifter, and what happens in a manual transmission is not visible to us. While changing the speeds with the gearshift lever, the selector fork, which is in the manual transmission state, is pushed against the rotary collar and the collar is pressed in the gear you want to choose.
If you place your hand on the gearshift lever, the selector fork may come into contact with the rotary collar and thus cause premature selector fork failure.
Do not use the clutch to keep yourself on a hill
There are many ways to avoid slipping off a hill without holding the clutch. So you need to focus on doing at least one of those ways while driving cars that have manual gearboxes.
This practice will not only protect the transmission mechanism of the car but will also influence the free practice of the car, which should allow the car to move quickly.
Avoid resting your foot on the clutch pedal
Resting the foot on the clutch pedal would cause the clutch to work only partially and therefore this will result in a clutch slip.
This will not only reduce fuel efficiency due to the loss of transmission energy but also cause premature clutch wear. Another component that can be damaged because of this is the bearing which can only come into contact with the partial part of the diaphragm.
One mistake you can make is to rest your foot on the clutch when driving. Keeping your foot on the clutch while driving may cause danger.
The clutch helps in choosing the right gear for the correct speed gain. Most people tend to keep their foot on the clutch pedal as the car is moving, so they don’t have to move their foot at the gear shift point. It’s totally wrong. This can cause clutch wear. Resting the foot on the clutch is a bad habit, so try to avoid this as much as possible.
While on a hill, many people tend to release the clutch to a certain point and press the gas pedal to stay fixed on the slope.
This would lead to high wear of the clutch friction material and lead to premature change. Vehicles with a hill maintenance function (auto-hold) tend to hold the car for two or three seconds after the driver has released the brake pedal.
Slowly go through the gears to gain speed
The manual transmission of your car allows you to navigate at a higher speed at low or low engine speeds, thus saving fuel.
However, in order to gain speed, you will have to go through the gears in order to prevent the engine from moving. You can move the engine in two ways. One of these two ways is possible if you use a lower gear at a higher speed of the car.
Also, you should not keep the car at speed when you are in the red light of the traffic light.
Most city dwellers know how traffic lights work. In the center of the city is a very big crowd due to the traffic lights.
Your clutch will suffer from unnecessary wear if you do not keep the shifter in the neutral position at the traffic light. We advise you to reduce the overall wear of the clutch!
Press the clutch all the way down when changing gears
The clutch disconnects the engine from the transmission each time you press the pedal. The friction disk is an element of the clutch that is used to transmit the power from the engine to the transmission, so in order to change the gears, you must disconnect the engine from the transmission.
Changing gears without coupling the clutch not only damages the transmission system but also has bad consequences on the engines.
Use the brake pedal without the help of the clutch pedal
When braking, do not press the clutch. By keeping the engine coupled as much as possible in a pause, use as much of the car’s natural resistance as possible, creating a shorter stopping distance and reduced brake wear. The malfunctions in the gearbox are due in particular to its faulty use and poor maintenance.
Despite the fact that many car manufacturers do not mention changing the gearbox oil at regular intervals, but only completing it, this is recommended to extend its service life.
Like the engine, the gearbox needs some time to warm up and run at optimum parameters. Therefore, it is recommended that in the first minutes of travel, the speed change should be slow, without speeding too much.
In many cars, it is felt when the gearbox reaches the normal operating temperature, the speeds will change a little easier. In the cold season, this phenomenon is even more pronounced.
The art of driving a manual car in an era where cars have automatic gearboxes are very popular is critical.
However, you can purchase cars that have manual transmissions at reasonable prices to have this kind of experience.
Cars with manual gearboxes are cheaper, more resistant, less expensive to maintain, facilitate low fuel consumption, ensure the feeling of having control over the car, will prevent most accidents caused by distractions and help you feel better the engine power.
Cars with manual transmissions are cheaper by at least 1000 $ than cars with automatic transmissions. Take a look at the offer of any car manufacturer that offers both variants. You will certainly notice the price difference.
Cars with manual transmission are cheaper to maintain
It all comes down to money. Whether we like it or not, we must admit that maintaining manual gearbox costs less. Having a relatively simple mechanism, you will not have to leave “a fortune” at the car workshop when something is wrong.
A manual transmission car is more reliable and resistant.
Automatic transmissions are more fragile and therefore more prone to problems, but a properly used manual gearbox can keep you hundreds of thousands of miles without any problem.
The speed changes are very smooth even for cars with hundreds of thousands of miles on board. Of course, their care was made “by the book”.
Cars with manual gearboxes facilitate fuel consumption because it allows you to adjust your fuel consumption at will.
Yes, it will definitely take some time to learn when to shift gears in the most optimally, but once you manage to catch it, everything becomes much simpler. In addition, it differs from one car to another.
If you want to have a lower fuel consumption you will have to change at lower speeds.
Careful! Do not change the gears when the engine is at low RPM because by doing this you won’t solve anything. However, if you do not care about your consumption, you can change the speed only to the limit.
Cars with manual transmission will ensure the feeling of control over the car.
Also, the engine brake is more efficient in the case of a car with a manual gearbox. The speed drops a little faster and gives you the feeling of safety when you go down a slope in winter, when the road is covered with ice or when covered by snow.
Cars with manual gearboxes give you even less reason to be distracted from driving.
When driving and having to personally change speeds depending on traffic conditions, you do not have time for other things such as talking on your cellphone, eating, drinking water or changing radio stations.
Either at a time or at the same time. At a car that has an automatic gearbox, you can do all these things.
After all, why wouldn’t you want to drive a car that has a manual gearbox?
Many drivers say they do not like manual transmission because it is relatively difficult to use. It is all about pressing a clutch and changing gears. However, the manual gearbox, in addition to the advantages listed, has its disadvantages, such as the fact that it does not offer so much user comfort because it has to be used all the time and can be quite unpleasant in use and the fact that it can lead to clutch wear by its regular and improper use.